Anti- Mullerian hormone plays a vital role in identifying the ovarian reserve present in women’s blood. This hormone is created as a result of the development of follicles produced by granulosa cells. Follicles are present in women’s ovaries which are shaped like sacs that secrete the above hormones. They are first created in primary follicles. At this level, follicles are so small that they cannot be even detected by ultrasound.
The human fetus which is a development stage that begins from the ninth week after fertilization and continues until birth contains two ducts. One of which is developed in the male reproductive tract and the other one in the female reproductive tract. In the male reproductive system due to the testosterone male ducts survive. While in the female fetus, Mullerian ducts develop. These Mullerian ducts result in the development of fallopian tubes, cervix, and womb. Anti-Mullerian provides support for eggs before fertilization takes place. The follicles ovaries determine the amount of anti-Mullerian hormones. These hormones can be measured in the blood which will decide the ovarian reserve i-e the number of follicles in her ovaries.
The production of a smaller number of anti-Mullerian hormones results in Mullerian duct syndrome. Males suffering from this syndrome will have low sperm count and there will be undescended testes. On the other hand, the anti-Mullerian hormones in women will determine her ovarian reserve. The more the ovarian reserve is, the better the chances of getting pregnant are. However, this does not accurately determine fertility, there are many other factors involved.
The normal level of anti-Mullerian hormones in the blood is greater than 1.0ng/ml. The level below that can cause issues and you might have to consult a fertility specialist. However, in the woman, if the levels are greater than 3.0 ng/ml then it can be predicted that the patient is suffering from Polycystic ovarian syndrome. If the ant-Mullerian hormones are not detectable then it can result in poor reproductive performance.
In the in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle, the success rate to a great extent relies upon a woman’s ovarian hold and her capacity to deliver a substantial number of eggs in a cycle. Low AMH reduces the capacity of the ovaries to create a large number of eggs, which results in a low likelihood of progress with IVF.
Low AMH, generally underneath 1.05 ng/ml, has been related to low pregnancy rates and numerous IVF focuses deny treatment to women with such low dimensions of AMH.
IF you have low AMH levels, you are probably going to react inadequately to the medication dosages associated with regular IVF. Natural IVF and Modified Natural IVF can be more progressively appropriate treatment for those with low ovarian hold.
In case you're stressed over low AMH levels and you need some suggestions it is imperative to talk about these worries with a specialist.