If you are experiencing hindrance in getting pregnant then opting conventional IVF treatment might be your sole solution to become a parent. The assisted reproductive treatment not only diagnoses your efficacy of reproductive organs but also enable the man and woman to overcome any restraint in their autonomy. The conventional IVF treatment stimulates your ovaries through oral medications and injections. These medications ensure that there are enough qualitative eggs being produced in the ovaries. The oocytes are egg cells and retrieved through a laboratory procedure. IVF treatment increases your chance of getting pregnant and millions of people have availed it in the developed countries and living a prosperous life with their test-tube babies. We are heartedly grateful to the infertility centers that have pursued to provide these innovative treatments in the third world countries as well i.e. India and Pakistan. Here, we have drawn a rough scratch of a conventional IVF treatment to provide insight related to its procedure in a comprehensible way.
The ovaries in the female generally relieve one oocyte i.e. an egg over a monthly cycle. This process is also known as menstruation cycle. The woman starts to bleed and the eggs discharges from the uterus. Considering all the factors which have hindered fertility such as embryo plantation outside of uterus, fallopian tubes damage due to certain disease, severe surgery reaction, and weak sperm motility can contribute to failure of fertilization process. The infertility specialists suggest that stimulating ovaries are necessary to obtain more number of eggs through IVF process in getting pregnant. The stimulation can bring emotional changes in a woman and can cause emotional breakdown. The fertility drugs will be given to the woman that will bring change in their hormone level and more number of eggs would be easily retrieved. The sole reason to mature more number of eggs involves that IVF process of mixing egg and sperm can be damaged due to some reasons regardless of precautions taken by the embryologist. It is admonished to have more number of cells to make multiple embryos so if one fails, the other survives. This is the phase of conventional IVF process known as Ovaries Stimulation. The Ovaries Stimulation phase will be comprised of two weeks and daily injections and medications are a part of it. An infertility specialist will brief the patient on the required precautions and how it would be carried out.
The infertility specialist will ask the female spouse to visit the clinic once in every day to monitor the growth rate of follicles in the ovaries. The follicles are sac like structure which contains eggs and dispose them when they are mature towards the fallopian tubes which carry them to the uterus. When the doctor recognizes that your follicles are increasing in size and have reached the stage of maturity, then he would ask you to take final shot. The shot will be higher in dose and in about a day or an a half, your eggs will be retrieved.
Egg retrieval method is a minimal invasive surgery which is carried out to obtain mature eggs from the ovaries. Hence, that is why conventional IVF is considered the best method to provide an opportunity to the infertile couple to get pregnant. It doesn’t harm fallopian tubes and retrieve the eggs carefully. The infertility specialist might give you normal anesthesia to discard any inconvenience during the surgery. The male spouse might be asked to come and provide the sperm on the same date through ejaculation process i.e. masturbating. The procedure will not hurt or cause harm to the reproductive organs, nevertheless, you will experience minor cramps later.
The retrieved eggs and sperms will be incubated i.e. under certain room temperature to ensure the sound fertilization process. The fertilization procedure will be carried out in the laboratory soon afterwards. The process is done when a sperm is mixed with an egg in a glass plate under certain temperature to ensure that both cells do not die out and sustain.
The embryo is placed into the uterus of a woman with the assistance of an embryologist. A catheter is used which looks like a slim tube and then inserted through the vagina until it reaches the uterus center. The embryo is then released in to it then slowly the implantation is done. If the embryo transfer remains successful then pregnancy begins within two to three weeks.
The infertility specialist will ask to wait for another two weeks before taking pregnancy detecting tests. Later, you can take IVF pregnancy test to ensure that the procedure was done perfectly. The implantation process begins within one week of being released into the uterus and thus, the body adapts to changes and produces HCG hormone. ISGP would recommend you to relax and not stress over the early pregnancy test results. Rather, take time before jumping onto conclusions quickly.
The Infertility Support Group of Pakistan (ISGP) can be of great help to those who have lost help and experiencing any inconvenience during the procedure of IVF. We have specialized and licensed infertility specialists who would provide you constant feedback on your progress of your opted infertility treatment. Our aim is to provide insight and help our Infertility Support Group members grow out of their anxieties and live a fulfilling life ahead while making babies.