IVF stands for In vitro fertilization which is used to treat infertility. In this process, the woman’s egg is joined with man’s sperm in the laboratory.
Under normal circumstances, the fertilization takes place inside the woman’s body. The egg once fertilized it starts growing and attaches to the lining of the womb. This process is completed in 9 months. However, if there are complications in the fertilization process then the assisted methods are used which will help the woman to get pregnant. One such method is in vitro fertilization. The fertility specialist examines the eggs from the ovaries using a needle and then in the lab, the fertilization takes place. When the egg is attached to the sperm, the eggs develop inside the embryos. The embryos are then re-implanted into the uterus.
In this phase, the fertility doctor will analyze the ovaries that whether the eggs are released on time and the ovaries are producing the eggs without any complications. Moreover, the levels of the hormones are also checked. If there is some problem in this procedure then the medication is provided to stimulate the ovaries to increase the number of released eggs. The more the released eggs are, the easier the process of IVF will be. If even after medication, the eggs are not produced then fertility specialists will suggest you for donor eggs for in vitro fertilization.
In this phase, the eggs are removed from the woman’s body through a thin needle. Surgery is carried out and the eggs and fluid of follicle are pulled out. In case when the required eggs are not produced naturally then the donor eggs are used
The eggs are then given in the laboratory and then separated from the follicle using a specific microscope. Then the eggs are fertilized by a sperm and the process takes place in the same way as in the body
After fertilization of eggs with sperm, embryo development takes place. The eggs when get fertilizes with the sperm become the embryo. Embryo provides room for the growth and development of the fertilized eggs. The conditions for growth and development are provided using some specific acids. The cells in the embryo keep growing and when it has been developed fully it is placed in the uterus.
Some complications might occur during the phase that the sperm is not strong enough or the not any egg has reached the maturity phase. However, the fertility specialist will keep you update about the progress.
It really depends on many factors. The age also matters as the age goes down the success rate of IVF decreases. Some other factors can be the reason for infertility, whether the donor eggs are used or not. If the age is under 35 then the success rate of the IVF is high along with combination f donor eggs. The chances of IVF success rate decrease below the age of 35 but still, there are chances of becoming pregnant.
The process is not much painful but cramping might occur during some phases. However, it can be uncomfortable and can enhance anxiety as the menstrual cycle starts. If the first cycle fails then feeling of loss might arise and continued reassurance and comfort might be needed. Some do not consider it a loss and get ready for the next IVF cycle but some might leave the treatment after the first unsuccessful cycle.
Everything has some pros and cons including the IVF treatment. Any of the infertility treatment have chances of being successful and there is some failure rate too. It depends on the conditions based on which treatment is carried. Ask for any questions if you still have doubts.