If you have decided to have a baby, you should need "pregnancy support" to conceive a healthy baby. The most important thing is that you care so much that you and the baby will be healthy in the future. Girls who receive proper care and make the right decisions are very likely to have healthy babies.
If you find out you are pregnant, see Doctors in Pakistan as soon as possible to start receiving prenatal care (care during pregnancy). Preferably you start receiving medical care, the better chances of you and your baby being healthy in the future.
If you cannot afford to see a doctor or pay for the Fertility care clinic, the Infertility Support Group is available to help you. Ask your parents, counselor or another trusted adult to help you find resources in your community.
During the first consultation, the doctor will ask many questions, such as about your last period. This way you can estimate how long you have been pregnant and when you are assuming your baby. Doctors estimate the duration of pregnancy in weeks. The delivery date is estimated, but most of the babies born between 38 and 42 weeks after the last menstrual period, or between 36 and 38 weeks after conception (when the sperm fertilizes the egg). Only a few percentages of women give birth on the estimated date of delivery.
Pregnancy is divided into three trimesters.
One of the most significant moments in life is when you learn that you are pregnant and that you are starting your first trimester. What is a trimester in terms of stages of pregnancy? Basically, the 9 months of pregnancy are divided into three equal parts and the first trimester is the first 13 weeks.
The second trimester (from 14 weeks) is considered by most women to be the best period of their pregnancy. The hormone levels that raged in the first trimester are now stabilizing and you shouldn't experience as many side effects like nausea and exhaustion. Constipation is the most common problem in the second trimester because your hormones have relaxed your gut muscles so much that they aren't working as well as they should and you may need to change your diet to include more fiber. Apart from that, this period of your pregnancy should be a time to relax as much as possible and let your baby mature and grow.
The third trimester is the last stage of childbirth. The third trimester covers the entire period of 29 to 40 weeks of pregnancy. At this point, the baby will grow quickly in the mother's womb. His body will be heavy at high speed.
The doctor will observe you and perform a pelvic test. The doctor will also order blood tests, urine tests and tests to check for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including an HIV test, an increasingly common condition among teens. (Because some STDs can cause serious health problems in newborns, it is important to get the proper treatment to protect the baby.) The doctor will explain to you what physical and emotional changes are likely to occur during pregnancy. This is essential because adolescent girls are at greater risk of experiencing certain pregnancy complications such as anemia or hypertension, and deliver before the expected date (preterm delivery).
Your doctor will suggest start taking prenatal vitamins containing folic acid, calcium, and iron. Your doctor may prescribe vitamins or recommend a brand that you can buy without a prescription. These minerals and vitamins help to ensure the good health of the baby and the mother and to avoid certain birth defects.
Ideally, you should see your doctor once a month for the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. Then you must visit every 2 weeks until week 36 and weekly thereafter until delivery. If you have an illness like diabetes, increase or decrease sugar level in pregnancy, which requires careful monitoring during pregnancy, your doctor may want to see you more often and maintain your normal sugar level in pregnancy. During consultations, your doctor will monitor your weight, blood pressure, and urine, in addition to measuring your belly to record the baby's growth. When the baby's heart rate can be heard with a special device, the doctor will listen to it at each visit. It is likely that your doctor will also tell you about other tests during pregnancy, such as an ultrasound to make sure the baby is in perfect condition.
Also part of antenatal care to attend classes where women expecting a baby learn how to have a healthy pregnancy and childbirth, as well as basic care for the newborn. These courses are likely to be delivered in hospitals, medical centers in your area and also you can get help online at pregnancy support groups.
If adults can find it difficult to talk to your doctor about your own body, this is even more difficult for adolescents. Your doctor's role is to help you have a healthy pregnancy and have a healthy baby and chances are, there's nothing a pregnant woman didn't say. So don't be afraid to ask everything you need to know. Always be honest when your doctor asks questions, even if they are bothersome. Many of the issues your doctor wants you to cover could affect your baby's health. Think of your doctor as a person who is not only a source, but also someone you can trust to talk about what is happening to you.
Pregnancy creates many physical changes. Here are the most common:
A growth in breast size is one of the first signs of pregnancy, and breasts can continue to grow during pregnancy. It is possible to increase several support sizes during pregnancy.
Don't be surprised if people say that your skin looks "glowing" when you are pregnant: pregnancy produces increased blood volume, which can make your cheeks a little rosier than usual. In addition, the hormonal changes increase the secretion of the sebaceous glands, so that your skin can appear brighter. For the same reason, acne is also common in pregnancy. Among the other changes that the pregnancy hormones generated in the skin are yellowish or brownish spots that appear on the face, called melasma, and a dark band from the navel to the pubis, known as linea nigra.
In addition, freckles that you had before pregnancy may increase in size or become darker. Even the areola, the area around the nipple becomes blacker. Stretch marks may also appear (fine pink or purple lines) in the abdomen, breasts or thighs. With the exception of the darkening of the areola, which is usually permanent, these skin changes will disappear after child birth.
During pregnancy, mood swings very often occur. Some girls may experience depression during pregnancy or after giving birth. If you have symptoms of depression such as sadness, changes in sleep patterns, feelings of hurt, or negative feelings about yourself or your life, ask your doctor for advice to start your treatment.
Pregnancy can Cause Unpleasant Side Effects. Some of These Disorders Include:
If you suffer from one or more of these side effects that discuss above, remember that you are not alone. Ask your doctor for advice on how to manage these common problems of Pregnancy. If you are pregnant and have bleeding or pain, contact your doctor instantly, even if you have decided to terminate your pregnancy.
Talk to your doctor about sex during pregnancy. If your doctor consents you to have sex during pregnancy, you should use a condom to avoid contracting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Because some STDs can cause blindness, pneumonia, or meningitis in newborns, it is important for you to protect yourself and the baby.
Many young people are concerned about the appearance of your body and the fear of gaining weight during pregnancy. But now is not the time to cut calories or go on a diet because you are feeding two people. You and your baby need positive nutrients for the baby to grow properly. If you eat a variety of healthy foods, drink enough water and cut down on the high-fat junk food, you and the baby are healthy and growing. Doctors generally recommend adding about 300 calories a day to the diet, to provide the baby with adequate nutritional growth. Depending on how much weight you had before you became pregnant, you should gain between 11 and 15 pounds (25 to 35 pounds) during pregnancy, mainly in the past 6 months. Your doctor will advise you on this subject according to your particular situation.
Eat more fiber from -25 to 30 grams per day, and drinking enough water can help prevent common problems such as constipation. Fruits and vegetables and whole grain bread, cereals or whole wheat muffins are good sources of fiber.
Certain types of fish such as swordfish, canned tuna and other fish that may have a high mercury content (your doctor can help you decide which fish to eat);
It is also desirable to limit the intake of artificial sweeteners and caffeine and artificial sweeteners.
Exercise during pregnancy is good for your health when you have no pregnancy complications and choose appropriate activities. Doctors normally recommend low-impact actions such as walking, swimming, and yoga. In general, you should avoid high-impact contact sports and aerobic exercise, which pose a higher risk of injury. It is also not recommended to do work that involves lifting heavy loads for women during pregnancy. Talk to your doctor if you have questions about the type of exercise that is safe for you and your baby.
It is important to relax a lot during pregnancy. In the first months of pregnancy, try to develop the habit of sleeping by your side. As the pregnancy progresses, lying on your side, knees bent, will be the most comfortable position. This will make it easier for the heart to work, as the baby's weight will not put any pressure on the vein that carries blood from the feet and legs to the heart. Some doctors specifically recommend that pregnant girls sleep on their left side. Because some of the main blood vessels are on the right side of the abdomen, lying on the left side keeps the uterus under pressure. Ask your doctor what your recommendation is. In most cases, the trick is to lie on each side, to reduce the pressure on your back.
Throughout pregnancy, but especially in later stages, it is likely that you will wake up frequently at night to go to the bathroom. While it is important to drink lots of water during pregnancy, try to drink more during the day rather than at night. Go to the bathroom before bed. As the pregnancy progresses, it can be difficult to find a comfortable position in bed. You can try placing pillows around and under your stomach, back or legs to make you feel more comfortable. Stress can also affect sleep. Perhaps you are concerned about the baby's health, birth, or how he will play this new role as a mother. All of these feelings are normal but can cause insomnia. Talk with your doctor if you have trouble sleeping during pregnancy.
Pregnant adolescents are characterized by various emotions, such as fear, anger, guilt, confusion and sadness. Maybe you are taking some time to adjust to the fact that you are going to have a baby. This means a huge change and it is only natural that pregnant teenagers wonder if they are ready to take on the responsibilities of becoming mothers.
A youngster's feelings often depend on the level of support received by the baby's father, family (and the baby's father's family) and friends. Each young person's situation is different. Depending on your situation, you may need to seek more support for people outside your family. It is important to speak with people who can support, guide and help you share and sort through your feelings. Your Pregnancy support or nurse can guide you to find the resources available to help your community.
In some cases, early pregnancies and spontaneous abortions have lost the baby. This can be very sad and difficult for some to overcome, but for others it causes a feeling of relief. It is important to talk about these feelings and to receive support from your friends and family, if this is not possible, consult Pregnancy support groups.